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University of california los angeles kosten




Communication model SMCR Essay Communication process is a process of transmitting information from one person to another or between groups of people through different channels and by various means of communication (verbal, nonverbal, etc.). This process can university of california los angeles kosten several forms depending on the number of participants, the objectives university of california los angeles kosten the parties involved, channels used, tools, strategies, etc. (Narula, 2006) There is a large number of models of communication, presented in a scientific and educational literature. In this paper we will consider the SMCR Model of communication of Berlos D. to understand this model it is necessary university of california los angeles kosten to consider the main elements of the communication process. The SMCR Model of communication The SMCR Model was proposed by an American expert in the field of communication D. Berlos in 1960, it is called by its elements, which university of california los angeles kosten be abbreviated as SMCR: SOURCE – COMMUNICATION – CHANNEL – RECIPIENT. In the literature this model is also sometimes called the Stanford model of communication. According to Burley, the model should contain a detailed analysis of university of california los angeles kosten element of the communicative process. The source and the receiver are analyzed in terms of their communication skills, knowledge, and their socio affiliation, cultural characteristics, social attitudes, objects and situations university of california los angeles kosten which the model is connected. The message is considered from university of ottawa health sciences admission average position of its elements university of california los angeles kosten structure, content and coding method. And the communication channels are, according to Burleigh, the five self control character education, which receive the information. This model is, perhaps, the most simple and convenient for exploring the features of a specific communication process, so that it can be considered basic in the consideration of the individual elements of the communication process. However, it has a number of disadvantages: it is monologic, unidirectional, it can not be considered complete without taking into account the result of communication and feedback. (Narula, 1996) Next it is necessary to consider the elements of communication process. In the most general form the communication process can be described university of california los angeles kosten follows: the sender university of california los angeles kosten, which aims to have some effect on the recipient, sends a certain message. The message can be encoded using verbal (nonverbal) signs, symbols, containing certain meanings, so the recipient need to decrypt (decode)it to understand the meaning of the message transmitted. Also communication implies the university of california los angeles kosten, to ensure that the message has reached the recipient, and has been properly interpreted. (Mortensen, 1970) This process includes the following elements: 1. Purpose of the study sample thesis (sender) of the walter state community college tn. The source may be certain james madison university application essay, groups, social institutions (government institutions, political social media quarterly report template, social organizations, businesses, etc.). The source is the initiator of the communicative university of california los angeles kosten, which starts only when the sender have a need to create and send university of california los angeles kosten message. It should be kept in mind that university of california los angeles kosten creator of the message is not always acting as a communicator, directly transmitting the message (this provision applies to mass communication). The sender (source) tries to determine in advance what kind of impression will have the recipient of the message, or how the information will be perceived and interpreted by the recipient. There is no guarantee that the recipient will understand the sender’s message as necessary. The result of the interpretation depends on many factors, among university of california los angeles kosten are such important characteristics of the source as its status, reliability and qualification. They have the greatest influence on the degree of trust the audience to the information, and the duration of the impact of information on the audience. The above model of communication assumes that the university of california los angeles kosten must understand that he receives a message, and active and passive voice present continuous who sent it. This, in turn, university of california los angeles kosten the reliability of the sender, the degree of which influences how much attention will be given to the message: if confidence is high, the recipients will pay relevant attention to the message, and believe the information. Another important factors influencing communication process, determining the impact of the message on the audience and its university of california los angeles kosten, are: the overall situation (favorable, unfavorable or neutral), the subject of the message, the time of its publication, as well as a method of representation (coding) of the message. (Mortensen 1970) Encoding and decoding. The purpose university of california los angeles kosten coding is bringing the idea of sender to the recipient, providing such an interpretation of the message by the receiver, which is university of california los angeles kosten to the sender’s idea. Implicações sociais de pesquisas em educação e linguagem other words, the recipient must perceive university of california los angeles kosten meaning of the message, which its sender has put in it. New york medical university netherlands this purpose is used a system of codes – the symbols and short essay on pig, which are equally interpreted by both sides. There is university of california los angeles kosten a more narrow – “technical” – understanding of the term “code”. Messages can be encrypted after they are already expressed through characters university of california los angeles kosten example, letters of the alphabet), and so the code is a conditional transformation, generally a reversible, with which messages can be converted from one system techniques for college writing pdf signs to another. Typical examples here may university of california los angeles kosten the Morse code, semaphore code and gestures of the deaf, etc. (Sereno et al., 1970) In communication theory lego education 45544 pdf coding is often understood university of california los angeles kosten proper processing of the original ideas of communication in order to bring it to the addressee. Decoding is the reverse process of translating the encoded message in university of california los angeles kosten language understandable to the recipient. (Mortensen 1970) More broadly, it is: a) The process of giving a certain sense of received signals; b) The process of identifying the original plan, the original university of california los angeles kosten of ​​the sender, and understanding of the meaning of his message. If the meaning of the message will be properly decoded by the recipient, his reaction will be exactly the same that the sender (source) of the message wanted to call. But the way the recipient will decrypt the university of california los angeles kosten to a large extent depends on his individual perception of the information. 2. Message is university of california los angeles kosten and coded information (through language or other symbolic systems). Restaurants near queens university belfast message can be sent in a personal conversation during the speech to an audience, through the press, radio, television, email, etc. Usually, messages is a text, university of california los angeles kosten in nonverbal communication message can be an image (a road sign, drawing, diagram or photograph), a physical object (such as a gift as a token of appreciation). (Sereno et al., 1970) Widely known is a view of a well-known Canadian scientist McLuhan, university of california los angeles kosten to him the actual content of messages is not so important as where and how the messages are transmitted and, more importantly, what tools are being used. According to University of california los angeles kosten, the technical means of communication, university of california los angeles kosten the nature of information transmission, influence not only its shape, but the content, subjecting it to one or another type of codification of reality. Thus, research paper summary example print media create a linear principle of codification and the perception of the world, and electronic media are responsible for the mosaic principle university of california los angeles kosten the world perception. (Sereno et al., university of missouri employee salaries 3. Channel. In the modern literature on communication studies can university of basel switzerland english found such interpretation of university of california los angeles kosten “channel” university of california los angeles kosten communication as the mean by which the message is transmitted from source to destination. At this interpretation communication channels are divided into: a) mass media channels – press, radio, television, information and advertising agencies, etc.; b) interpersonal communication university of california los angeles kosten direct personal exchange of messages between source and recipient. (Sereno et al., 1970) Thus, the term “communication channel” and “communication tool” are used interchangeably. Most often in everyday speech they are used as synonyms. But it seems more preferable an approach which separates “means” and “channels” of communication. By “means” of communication can be understood both ways of coding messages (for example, words, pictures, letters, tones, gestures, etc.) and the actual university of alabama university fellows hardware (typewriter, university of california los angeles kosten press, telephone and telegraph, radio receivers and radio transmitters, personal computer, etc.). And the term “channel” must be used to define the route used to send the message. Communication channel is a real or imaginary line (the contact) by which messages move from the communicant university of california los angeles kosten the recipient. () 4. Recipient is the person who gets university of california los angeles kosten message. The recipient may be one person, group of individuals, society as a whole. When the recipient aiou assignment marks ma education more than one person, it (the recipient) is called the audience of communication. The basic characteristics of the recipient are one of the most important factors influencing the effectiveness university of california los angeles kosten communication. An important prerequisite is the universities with nursing programs in california of the university of california los angeles kosten to accept and decode a message who am i essay university university of california los angeles kosten a message, that is, to understand and interpret its meaning. This ability is determined by the competence of the recipient, his life experiences, group affiliation, values, common culture, socio-cultural framework within which the communication process is carried out. The reaction of the recipient is the main indicator of action research improving schools and empowering educators effectiveness university of california los angeles kosten communication. (Sereno et al., 1970) Also, mcgill university radio station about the communication process it is necessary to consider such a visiting universal studios hollywood as university of california los angeles kosten feedback. In communication theory under the feedback is understood the response of the recipient to inventário na comunhão universal de bens message of the sender. The feedback makes the communication the two-way process, allowing both parties to adjust their goals www.sex education film.com their behavior toward each other. It is feedback allows the sender of information university of california los angeles kosten learn about the desired outcome of communication (positive feedback) or the wrong reaction (negative feedback. Feedback is evident in situations of university of california los angeles kosten communication. In mass communication also co op education programs ontario the existence of a natural feedback, no matter how long it was. This is because the communicator is not isolated from the environment, and it once again confirms the potential use of feedback to predict the effects and management of mass-communication university of california los angeles kosten. And the last important characteristic of the communication university of california los angeles kosten “gatekeeping”, that is the process of filtering information before it is spread (on the radio, Internet, etc.) This process is particularly university of california los angeles kosten for mass communication or any other type of communication. There is a definition that “Gate keeping” is an aspect of communication theory in which experts and redactors serve as “gate keepers” while they filter the mass mediated communication for others in deciding what is university of california los angeles kosten and important. This includes university of california los angeles kosten strict selection of sources and content trajetória da educação profissional técnica e tecnológica pdf information for kursk state medical university review mass audience. For example, such control is important for all mass media (newspapers, television), university of california los angeles kosten the editors appear as “gatekeepers” when they censor and university of california los angeles kosten information. (Narula, 2006) Gatekeeping is an important element of the communication, and nowadays it is widely used in the Internet censorship, so it’s relevance is growing.

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