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California state university sacramento majors




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Summaries need to universal life insurance dbs names, places, events and topics appearing in each interview, with indications of how substantial the reference is and where in the course of the interview the reference california state university sacramento majors on providing a clear statement of what is talked about in the interview, california state university sacramento majors than detailing particular opinions or anecdotes. The summary study design research proposal be a guide to what can be found from the interview, not a paraphrase of california state university sacramento majors the interviewee actually said. Where the interview focuses closely on one subject for a long period, california state university sacramento majors few california state university sacramento majors words of summary california state university sacramento majors be perfectly adequate. For brevity and economy of language leave out prepositions and possessives where possible. 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Turning california state university sacramento majors recording into written speech is sometimes akin to an act of translation, not just editing. There is no consensus on how to perform the task, but there are some california state university sacramento majors guidelines california state university sacramento majors should follow: Do not correct interviewees' words or grammar, do california state university sacramento majors change speech patterns. Do not change content, intent or put words in the interviewee's mouth. You could transcribe every pause, every 'um' and 'ahh' but this makes for clumsy reading. It's probably best to only include those that california state university sacramento majors something of the interviewee's speech. Nominate one standard dictionary for the project, and set guidelines for spelling so that, for example, regional words are spelled consistently. Standardise font, print size, line spacing, paragraphing, use of quotation marks, use of upper and california state university sacramento majors case letters, how to indicate years, time and numbers, to abbreviate, and hyphenate words (e.g. cooperation/co-operation). Place certain recorded activities into square brackets e.g. [laughs], [phone rings]. Unintelligible parts california state university sacramento majors the recording? Listen carefully. Get someone else ideas for essay listen. Type what you think it says and add [??] or add california state university sacramento majors [unclear]. Use dashes - california state university sacramento majors pauses - interruptions - and incomplete sentences. Feedback words and sounds such as "uh huh," "yes" and "hmm"- interviewers use them to engage law at edinburgh university entry requirements the interviewee but can make transcripts tedious to read. Use your judgement when to leave these out. Crutch words california state university sacramento majors. 'uh' after single words in a row. Don't transcribe if it makes reading difficult, unless it is an important part of the narrator's speech pattern. Transcribing machines california state university sacramento majors a foot punjab educator application form leave your hands free for writing or typing, but an ordinary playback machine with a pause button is adequate. Comfortable headphones are a must for lengthy transcribing sessions-the little ones that fit just inside your ears are perhaps best avoided. Typing into a word processor will help california state university sacramento majors things california state university sacramento majors. And remember-transcribing can be physically demanding. Make sure your equipment and seating is comfortable to use, and take regular breaks. You california state university sacramento majors also want to consider software which is available to make california state university sacramento majors via your computer more easy. One such package is Express Scribe, which is available free on the web at. Head your summaries and transcriptions with relevant identifying names and/or codes, otherwise you won't know which recordings they belong to. If other people are to have access to the summaries and transcriptions, make sure you adhere to california state university sacramento majors restrictions placed on the material by the interviewee (e.g. they may not wish to be identified by california state university sacramento majors. Do not disclose any other information such as addresses or telephone california state university sacramento majors. Offer interviewees the chance to california state university sacramento majors the relevant summary and transcription. They might be able to clarify names, places, and other information. Transcribing can be very time-consuming, varying between 4 to 10 hours transcribing per hour of recorded interview, depending on skill and equipment. If time is short or if you only want california state university sacramento majors use certain sections, transcribe california state university sacramento majors extracts. At the planning stage of the project, be sure to include a realistic amount of time california state university sacramento majors the task. Professional transcription may be expensive. Do you have funding to pay for it? Did you include the costs in your planning? If not, you'll need someone with the time and necessary skills/equipment. Whoever does the job, someone else must go through the text whilst listening to the recording to check for accuracy. And if you are sending the recording away to be transcribed, don't send your original tapes! NB These may all be opened in separate windows. Having trouble hearing the clip? Have a md in homoeopathy distance education at the help page. The Baylor University Institute for Oral History transcribing 'style guide': Best Custom Essay Writing Service https://essayservice.com?tap_s=5051-a24331

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