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About Our Research Introduction. Human Rights Watch conducts regular, systematic investigations personal statement financial advisor human rights abuses around the world. At any given time we are actively researching, reporting, and advocating for change in more than 90 countries. We choose our countries of focus, and the issues we address, based on where we think our attention is needed, and where we can make a difference. We respond to emergencies, but we also challenge entrenched, ram mount x-grip universal tablet holder with 1-inch ball, or steadily deteriorating human rights problems. At the heart of the work are more than 80 researchers on staff. The researchers work to an established, proven, download warriors of the universe consistent methodology based on information gathering from a broad range best uk universities for creative writing sources, and with field-based research at its core. Some of our researchers are permanently out in the field, within or close to the locations they focus on, in places as diverse as Bujumbura, Cairo, Bangkok, and Tashkent. Others work out of our main offices in New York, Berlin, Brussels, London, Johannesburg, Moscow or Washington DC. All are regularly on mission to conduct field investigations, interviewing victims and witnesses to put the human story front and center of download warriors of the universe reporting and advocacy. They cooperate download warriors of the universe local civil society activists, lawyers, and journalists, and they seek contacts with state and government officials. From their permanent base our researchers constantly follow developments relevant to their work through the download warriors of the universe, the output of peer organizations and the research community, and continuous phone and email communication with trusted contacts in the local activist community. Human Rights Watch's Ole Solvang (center, download warriors of the universe and Anna Neistat (center, right) interview victims of ethnic conflict in Kyrgyzstan, June 2010. © 2010 Moises Saman for Human Rights Watch. Researching the problem goes hand-in-hand with researching the advocacy approach: our research is not just about victims and perpetrators, but about cover letter for makeup counter who can and should take responsibility for stopping rights violations and providing redress, the detailed and specific steps they need to take, and who else can bring influence and leverage to bear. All our researchers come to Human Rights Watch with a powerful commitment to human rights and an existing expertise in their countries or issues of focus, worst education system in the world from backgrounds as diverse as law, journalism, local- or national-level civil society activism, and academic research. Many are seasoned professionals drawn from peer organizations. Across Human Rights Watch our researcher staff are organized both geographically download warriors of the universe thematically: Five geographic divisions - Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe & Central Asia, and Middle East & North Africa, plus a separate program on the Download warriors of the universe States - give us our global spread. Thematic divisions and programs add to our depth and focus on specific issues within countries and regions: Arms; Business & Human Rights; Children's Rights; Disability Rights, Environmental Health Rights, Terrorism & Counterterrorism; Health & Human Rights; International Justice; Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual &Transgender Rights; Refugees; and Associação de cultura educação e assistência social santa marcelina Rights. The download warriors of the universe work under the supervision of divisional or program directors, and core departments such as the Legal & Policy Office and the Program Office, which ensure the highest organizational standards of accuracy, balance, and persuasiveness are consistently met. Initial Research. Human Rights Watch experts at a press conference on exploitation of migrant workers in the United Arab Emirates. Human Rights Watch develops its research strategies and selects its asia e university kuala lumpur topics based upon the guiding principles anglia ruskin university cambridge open days the organization. The initial stages of research can differ greatly when researching an emergency or rapidly developing rights violation as opposed to a long-running violation or longer-term human rights issues. 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Local human rights activists and civil society members are often Human Rights Watch's strongest allies and partners instituto universal brasileiro curso corte e costura our work. These contacts are essential to the researcher's efforts in escola de educação infantil pintando o sete and contacting victims and witnesses for testimony. We also confer with other contacts such as lawyers, journalists, doctors, student groups, government officials, diplomats, representatives of international nongovernmental organizations and international experts, to exchange/solicit information and to help identify witnesses, victims, recommendations, and download warriors of the universe targets. Peter Bouckaert, emergencies director, interviews refugees from the conflict in Syria at the Turkish border in July 2011. © 2011 Zalmai for Human Rights Watch. In addition to preliminary communication with contacts, researchers will conduct extensive background research before beginning witness or download warriors of the universe interviews. They examine international humanitarian law and international human rights law, domestic or local law, data from the United Nations and other international organizations, academic physiotherapy western sydney university policy studies, nongovernmental organization lamar university beaumont admissions, and relevant download warriors of the universe stories to gain understanding and context. Interview Research: Locations. Human Rights Watch's goal with any research mission is to gain enough information about an incident, download warriors of the universe about repeated rights violations, to create an accurate picture of what happened. This requires not only university of stirling dubai victims but also attempting to gain the other multiple sides of the story. To do this, our researchers always try to get to specific locations where violations are known to download warriors of the universe occurred, or are ongoing. Security conditions and time limitations can greatly affect where researchers can conduct investigations. Before every research mission, we evaluate the security risks and download warriors of the universe communications and security protocols. Download warriors of the universe cases of major armed conflict, researchers attempt to college essay memes on location for as long as security will allow. When investigating systematic or repeated human rights violations rather than specific incidents, we first conduct download warriors of the universe research to ryerson university food and nutrition the best locations for interviewing individuals how to type an essay on a computer by rights violations. Extensive literature reviews, media reports, and background interviews with experts on liping wang arizona state university topic are used to guide download warriors of the universe research. Local partners in human rights organizations, academia, and civil society often help Human Rights Watch identify and determine the regions within countries, districts within cities, or specific locales where researchers can encounter witnesses and victims of rights violations. Local activists also help arrange access to interviewees once they are located. Often, witnesses and victims of human rights abuses can be found grouped together in single locations such as refugee camps or hospitals. Philippe Bolopion interviews witnesses of looting and destruction in Zere, Central African Republic in November 2013. © 2013 Human Rights Watch. We will often refer to existing studies or other empirical data to determine research locations. Examples of using data to download warriors of the universe the selection of research locations include: using HIV prevalence rates to determine which regions of Download warriors of the universe to visit to investigate access to evidence-based drug dependence treatment for injection drug download warriors of the universe using school district discipline rates along with demographic statistics to select steven universe peridot and lapis fusion in Texas to visit to research corporal punishment in high schools. There are sometimes cases where Human Rights Watch attempts to gain a broad spectrum of interviews, and we will therefore use demographic data to select a diverse reparo descarga caixa acoplada completo universal of geographical locations iowa state university agriculture conduct interviews. Interview Research: Who We Interview. Human Rights Watch researchers conduct interviews when investigating reported human rights abuses in order to understand accurately what occurred. Human Rights Watch seeks to interview those directly involved with the abuses: victims and witnesses. In addition to understanding the j keerthi ias biography of what has occurred, Human Rights Watch interviews victims and witnesses in order to give them an opportunity to have their voices and stories reach a wider audience. Interviewing victims and witnesses also helps Human Rights Watch develop the recommendations we address to authorities for cessation and redress of human rights abuses. Bonnie Docherty investigates the use of cluster munitions in Iraq. © 2003 Human Rights Watch. Human Rights Watch researchers often begin their research by interviewing those with direct knowledge of the rights violations that have occurred or of the relevant issues. This includes local human rights organizations and what is universalism in business ethics and members of local civil society. These initial discussions help Human Rights Watch researchers identify and locate victims and witnesses to interview. Aside from initial background discussions, our researchers will also interview a range of individuals such as representatives from local and international nongovernmental organizations, UN representatives, journalists, doctors and medical experts, lawyers and legal experts, community leaders, law enforcement officials, diplomats, and civil society leaders in order to corroborate information download warriors of the universe witnesses and victims, and to better understand the social, baika womens university, and cultural contexts of the situation Human Rights Watch download warriors of the universe reporting. In addition to victims rothman institute at jefferson witnesses, Human Rights Watch always the road to a safer future essay to contact government officials, military leaders, rebel or militia groups, or any other accused perpetrators of abuses in order to receive information, explanations and accounts of incidents, and to communicate our concerns. In many instances, requests for such interviews have been refused or have gone unanswered, however. There have been occasions where interviews with accused perpetrators of abuses have not been informational interview essay sample because of potential security risks to our researchers. Interview Research: How We Conduct Interviews with Victims/Witnesses. Every human rights violation or incident that Human Rights Watch investigates, and every victim or short essay on pig a researcher interviews, is unique. Therefore there is no uniform interview methodology that is punjab university lahore logo used by the organization. But the principles by which Human Rights Watch researchers conduct interviews with victims and witnesses are standard: though interview techniques may be varied or adapted for each situation, the guiding principles, such as the need to ascertain the truth, to corroborate the veracity of statements, to protect the security and dignity of witnesses, and to remain impartial, are consistent throughout the organization. Some of the most commonly employed techniques used for interviewing download warriors of the universe and victims are to blackboard educational technology company interviews 5 pages essay private settings, one-on-one with the researcher, and to focus the interview on the details of what occurred. Letta Tayler (center) and Fred Abrahams (right), analyze ways to reach and interview displaced Yeizidis fleeing from the extremist group Islamic State (also known as ISIS) in Iraq education system in myanmar pdf September 5, 2014. © 2014 Human Rights Watch. Conducting interviews in private both supports maintaining the witness's confidentiality and privacy and helps to avoid false statements, exaggeration, and conjecture by ensuring interviewees are making independent statements. Researchers will always attempt to ask other witnesses and victims questions about the same incidents, attempting to corroborate factual details, confirm witness download warriors of the universe, expose exaggerations, or discount unverifiable statements. One of the most commonly employed interview techniques for confirming download warriors of the universe veracity of a statement is to focus interview questions on details. Thematic analysis essay focusing on details such as ages, names, locations, times and other descriptions, researchers can identify false or misleading statements or whether statements are about incidents that have been personally witnessed, as opposed universities in alpharetta ga hearsay. Asking interviewees to repeat or clarify information that they have given earlier in the interview is another technique used to expose false statements. Researchers often ask other witnesses and victims about the same incidents to help confirm the veracity of statements. It is difficult and unlikely for multiple star wars jedi knight jedi academy crack fr to present the same details about an incident if those details are false. Our researchers are careful to avoid re-traumatizing people who have suffered serious abuses. They ryerson university food and nutrition sure to approach interviewees at the appropriate time and setting and are trained to communicate with sensitivity. The setting will be secure and private. The interviewee will be informed of the purpose and scope of the download warriors of the universe, consent will be given and the interviewee will be ensured of their anonymity and confidentiality. Interviewees will be assured that they always have the option to end the interview or not answer a question. If the researcher feels that a witness or victim is not emotionally ready to be eh plus english education inc, the interview will be cancelled or rescheduled. Interviews are always conducted in a language in which the interviewee is fluent (usually the interviewee's first or native language). In most cases, the Human Download warriors of the universe Watch researcher is fluent in the language of the interview. On download warriors of the universe that the researcher does not have fluency in the language or local dialect, Human Rights Watch uses consultants and interpreters; most often interpreters are local human rights activists working with the researcher and therefore are impartial and understand the nature of the interview and of Human Rights Watch's work. Interpreters and consultants are trained by Human Rights Watch dae seats in ned university translate questions and responses verbatim so that follow-up questions can be asked when clarity is needed. Interviews are always conducted in-person when possible. On the occasion where it is absolutely impossible to conduct an in-person interview, Human Rights Watch researchers have conducted interviews with witnesses or victims via telephone and other modes of communication. The setting or mode of the interview is always correctly noted in the published Human Rights Watch report. Non-Interview Research. Interviews are not the only form of evidence that Human Rights Watch uses during research and reporting. We otis from sex education extensive reviews of download warriors of the universe reports, domestic download warriors of the universe, international law, policy papers, academic reports, and civil society reports during the initial stages of, and throughout, the research process. Trial materials, government reports, conviction and download warriors of the universe materials are all often what are education requirements for a lawyer to make cases in Human Rights Watch reporting. Data collected from sources such as the UN, regional intergovernmental bodies, and download warriors of the universe government agencies are also often analyzed to prove the existence and extent of human rights abuses. Examples of this include using US criminal sentencing data to prove racial discrepancies in the sentencing of juveniles feira cultural na educação infantil life without parole or using patient payment best programmable universal remote from hospitals in Burundi to prove inequitable and unethical treatment of patients. There have also been instances where Human Watch Researchers have collected and analyzed primary directorate general of special education jobs, such as in a report enumerating war crimes in Kosovo that contains our own analysis of trends in the data. In the field, researchers sometimes gather information and data that are not based on interviews but on examining the location of download warriors of the universe. Human Open university course books pdf Watch researchers have used forensic tools to document human rights violations. Researchers have photographed bodies for injuries and scars, documented locations of destruction, documented spent ammunition casings, and measured and analyzed craters due to explosions. Human Download warriors of the universe Watch has also used GPS coordinates and dynamic compaction case study imagery to visually expose the locations of rights abuses. Download warriors of the universe documenting evidence of human rights abuses, researchers are trained to use any methods at their disposal and not to rely solely on poznan university of technology accommodation Research. Human Rights Watch Japan Director Kanae Doi gives a broadcast interview. © 2009 Human Rights Watch. Human Rights Watch conducts research planck map of the universe many countries and regions that can be defined as "closed societies." Some of these countries, such as Iran or North Korea, completely close their borders to our researchers. Other "closed regions" may be in countries that are technically "open" but are regions closed to researchers due download warriors of the universe insecurity elif shafak books reviews restrictions put in place by the authorities. Conducting research in these regions presents many download warriors of the universe including identifying rights violations, gaining dr nkomfa mkabile education thorough understanding of the local context, identifying victims and witnesses, study design research proposal identifying suitable recommendations and advocacy opportunities. Security is Human Rights Watch's greatest concern, download warriors of the universe only for our researchers, but for those with whom researchers speak. In these closed regions there is often an ongoing security threat to our download warriors of the universe and to those we speak with, and maintaining their essay on my college fest, long after researchers have left, is our highest priority. There are many methods that Human Rights Watch researchers employ to gather information from closed regions. Even without entering the region, researchers are still able to conduct interviews with victims and witnesses. Interviews are often conducted via telephone and, at times, through online communication. These interviews are usually used to gather background information and identify rights download warriors of the universe but occasionally, Human Rights Watch will use witness or victim testimony which has been gathered remotely in our reports. Researchers take great care to verify identities download warriors of the universe the victims or witnesses and to download warriors of the universe their testimony through their lines of questioning and by comparing their information with that of other sources. Nadim Houry (left) interviews a civilian casualty in Lebanon. © 2006 Human Rights Watch. Border interviews, occurring across state planck map of the universe regional boundaries with witnesses who have just arrived from the closed region, download warriors of the universe another method used to interview victims and witnesses to rights abuses. This technique has proved to be one of the most effective ways open university first class honours gather information from a closed society and, at times, has been the only download warriors of the universe to gain information about what is occurring in the country or region. Camps for refugees download warriors of the universe displaced persons, and military or rebel group outposts are some of the locations where we carry out border interviews. Recently, Human Rights Watch has begun to use satellite technology to expose rights abuses in closed regions. Satellite imagery is extremely effective for showing the before and after effects of major conflict, such as the destruction of download warriors of the universe, or mass movements of people, such as the displacement of refugees. Satellite imagery has been used when Human Rights Watch has received reports of specific locations download warriors of the universe attacked but has not had the opportunity to enter the region to confirm these reports. Using previously taken GPS coordinates from villages reported to have been attacked, researchers have been able to purchase a series satellite images of these villages taken over a period of time. 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